Beginning writers often fall into the same traps, one of which is to describe the hell out of EVERYTHING. What people looked like down to the smallest details, places, houses, kitchens, closets, stores, how to drive a car…you name it, I can promise it has been described to death by thousands of writers.
Writers do it because, especially when we’re just starting, we’re trying to make it real for the reader—to do that we need to make them see it, right? Every last button, lace, design on the dagger?
Good writing has a trick to it—it implies real life, it gives the illusion of real life, but it’s not real life. Use dialogue as an example. We may eavesdrop on folks to pick up on things, but you’d never use real conversation in a book (and if you are, stop it. Please. ). In real conversation people are repetitive, they use fillers (um, ah, etc) they talk over each other, hop subjects, are boring, and a whole lot more.
So, we don’t write like people speak-- we write what feels like how people speak. Our dialogue needs to give the illusion of real conversation, but in a much tighter and structured form.
The same thing with description. A laundry list filled with tiny details might make for a happy writer in some cases, but it’s not going to make for a happy reader. As writers we have to give an impression of our characters, their homes, their lives. Give enough detail to anchor the reader a bit, then let the reader’s imagination do the heavy lifting- let THEM determine what everything looks like.
I had a friend ask how I pronounced one of my character’s names once. I shrugged and told her. She frowned and said she thought it was something else. To which I said, “Yep, you’re right too”. I know how my characters look, sound, move, and react. It’s in my head all the time. But once a reader meets them, those characters are theirs now as well. If they build that character based on your words and their own imagination, that character becomes far more real to them than if the writer forced a list of descriptives down their throat.
Heavy lists of what things look like actually slows down the reader as they try to pull the very detailed image together. It ruins the pacing and pulls them out of the story. A death sentence for any book.
I’ve come across books that gave me no classic descriptives of a character at all. No eye color, hair color, skin color, height, weight, nothing.